What can robots do in the face of a major epidemic?

In order to prevent further transmission of the virus, the first patient with a new type of pneumonia in the United States was placed in an isolation room during treatment and treated by a robot.

This patient is a resident of Washington State, USA. He returned to the United States from Wuhan, China, and was first seen in Seattle. Prior to the incident, she returned to the United States from Wuhan, China, traveled to the local medical institution on January 19, and was diagnosed with a new type of coronavirus pneumonia in Seattle on January 20.

On January 22, local time, George Diaz, director of the Everett Infectious Diseases Department of Providence Regional Medical Center, said that the current condition of the patient was “satisfactory”, but did not disclose that the patient needed to be treated in an isolation ward. how long.

According to Diaz, the patient was contained in an isolation cabin and was taken from home to the hospital by ambulance and directly to the isolated special pathogen ward area.

During the treatment, the doctor is responsible for operating the robot outside the isolation window. The robot is equipped with cameras, microphones and stethoscopes, which is one of the many ways this hospital reduces the risk of virus transmission.

In the face of the epidemic, every life involved in the rescue is paramount. One way of minimizing the risk of infection is to use robots to replace some human tasks.

Of course, not every robot can help doctors to perform treatments, disinfection, dressing, and transportation. These “dangerous” things can be useful.

Leifeng.com learned that as early as 2015, the United States Shennick Disinfection Service Company produced a four-wheeled robot to assist disinfection. It can emit ultraviolet pulses made by xenon gas to kill pathogens and protect against Ebola. Medical staff. A robot was received at Langley Air Force Base in October 2014. On November 24, 2014, three military medical centers and 250 US hospitals were invested.

In addition, according to previous reports, Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has built a remote operation robot. Medical staff can safely operate the robot at a relatively long distance to investigate the situation, make a simple pre-judgment, and understand the situation before making the next decision.

The other is an assisted dressing robot. When removing the protective clothing, the danger is much smaller if the skin can not be contacted with the outer layer of clothing. The current method of removal requires the assistance of another person, who is at risk of being exposed to the virus.

A robot called Baxter can help researchers remove outer protective clothing and reduce the probability of direct contact. At the same time, it can help detect whether the protective clothing is damaged and whether it is worn correctly and protect the researchers’ lives to a greater extent.

If you go back in time, when the SARS was combated in 2003, the Institute of Automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences had developed an anti-SARS assistant robot. According to the Beijing Times, the “assistant” is about half a meter tall. The “head” is composed of a camera and a wireless image transmission system. The “body” is equipped with ultrasonic and infrared sensors for robot speed control and obstacle avoidance control. When it comes to devices, the “foot” is a three-bowl wheel that can “walk” at a speed of about two meters per second.

The “Assistant” can work continuously for 3 hours after being fully charged.It can not only conduct rounds in the ward, deliver medicines, meals and daily necessities for patients, but also assist nurses in transporting medical equipment and equipment, experimental samples, and disposal of ward waste. Etc., up to 30 kg can be delivered to the ward at one time.

It is hoped that with the help of AI, robots and other technologies, more mechanical white soldiers will be able to rush to the front line to help medical staff avoid more unnecessary risks.

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