On January 18th, Vietnam ’s largest telecommunications company, Viettel Group, announced that it had successfully completed the first Vietnamese “home-made” 5G equipment communication test, and plans to launch 5G commercial services in Vietnam this June.
By then, Vietnam will become the third country in Asia to invest in 5G commercial operations, after China and South Korea, and will be a global leader.
Hurry up and launch “satellite”
Vietnam started late in 5G infrastructure, and it didn’t become clear until 2018. Vietnam Telecom (the Vietnamese Ministry of Defense), which accounts for 60% of the mobile communications market, announced at the time that it would choose partners to launch 5G services among Ericsson, Nokia, and Qualcomm, while the smaller MobiFone and Vinaphone were associated with Samsung, Nokia.
In May 2019, the first communication test of 5G equipment in Vietnam was held in Hanoi, Vietnam. The equipment tested was original Nokia, but then it was reported that the test was “less successful”, so it will “choose another day to try”.
On September 19 of the same year, Vietnam Telecom announced that it had completed 5G signal coverage in Ho Chi Minh City’s 10th District and 12th Square, allowing users to experience the trial of Vietnam for free on the 20th and 21st days at the front desk of the Army Telecom Building at 285 August Revolution Road. The first 5G technology communication (actually the second). “
At that time, Cao Desheng, the company’s deputy general manager, said that “achieving the strategic goal of making Vietnam one of the world’s first 5G commercialized application countries” is the glorious mission of Vietnam Telecom, and “Vietnam will walk with the world in the 5G field.”
Ho Chi Minh City uses original Ericsson equipment. Although it is rumored to be “somewhat problematic”, it is far better than the “first time” in Hanoi.
Encouraged by this “good news”, Ho Chi Minh City has successively established 10 5G base stations (including the first of 10 counties and 12 squares), and at the beginning of the new year, the news of “successful testing of domestic technology and equipment” came out.
At this time, it is more than 8 months since the first 5G equipment test in Vietnam, and only 4 months from the first successful 5G equipment test. If Vietnam really launches 5G commercial services in June, such a high speed Such a “minimalist” test is called a “satellite”.
“Domestic” is just a layer of skin
Out of the importance attached to this “hand-held satellite”, Vietnam ’s Minister of Information and Communications, Ruan Wenxiong and Minister of Science and Technology, Zhu Engu visited the test site on January 18 and witnessed the “satellite” “heaven”. Obviously, Vietnamese officials intend to forge it into a “model building” in the new stage of Vietnam’s “reform and opening up.”
However, “localization” is just a layer of skin.
Vietnam Communication uses 3GPP standard Option 3x in the Ho Chi Minh City, which is the C-Band band. The frequency of Ho Chi Minh City is between 3700-3800MHz (the frequency of 9.21 commissioning last year was only 1000-1300Mbps, which is actually “shrinking commissioning”
The high-profile “localization” announced this time is in fact that only some of the equipment is “branded” in Vietnam, and the core equipment and technology are still from Ericsson.
According to the Vietnamese side, the “temporary restrictions on Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City” to be put into 5G commercial operation in June, to be precise, are only part of the urban areas of these two cities.
The situation of “using Hanoi’s Nokia technology and Ho Chi Minh City’s Ericsson technology” will not change substantially. As for how the third partner Qualcomm’s technology and equipment will be adopted, and how the other two Vietnamese telecommunications companies’ 5G plans will be promoted, it has not yet been described below.
Vietnam ’s official media announced that since January 18, Vietnam Telecom has become the “sixth global manufacturer and supplier of 5G equipment” after Ericsson, Nokia, Huawei, Samsung, and ZTE, with the intention of “inspiring people and promoting national authority.”
Fighting Huawei has a price
Since its debut, Vietnam Telecom has always been inclined to purchase US equipment and technology and has been cooperating with Qualcomm since 2G. However, Qualcomm cannot provide a “full set” in the 5G field and has to pull Ericsson and Nokia two European companies.
The company’s CEO Li Dengyong has repeatedly stated that Huawei “consists of a threat to Vietnam’s security” and “will not consider Huawei until security concerns are eliminated.”
In view of Huawei’s overwhelming advantages in 5G technology and price, most Southeast Asian countries choose to cooperate with Huawei in 5G infrastructure construction, but Vietnam obviously has other considerations.
When the Trump administration publicly suppressed Huawei on a global scale, Vietnam was almost the only country in Southeast Asia that actively agreed. In fact, since 4G, Vietnam has basically excluded Huawei. MobiFone and Vinaphone originally chose to cooperate with Huawei in the 2G and 3G eras, but since 4G, they have selected other companies with higher prices because of “non-market reasons”.
However, Qualcomm, the only 5G technology development company in the United States, currently can only provide “half sets” of goods, which forced Vietnam to bravely go to Europe to “treasure hunt” and eventually evolved into today’s 3 companies and 5 foreign cooperation The dramatic scene of the partner and “a piece of domestic leather”.
Obviously, even if such a model is reluctant to operate, it will inevitably pay multiple costs and risks of unpredictable compatibility.
South Korea, the earliest to commercialize 5G, has put 48 5G transmission towers into operation at the beginning. The stumbling United States has 92 shortly after commercial operations. Today it claims to have 10,000, while China said in September 2019. More than 80,000 5G base stations have been opened.
As mentioned earlier, high-frequency 5G requires far more transmission towers and base stations than 4G. Vietnam really wants to do a good job of “commercial 5G services.” It is likely that more effort will be required to spend more money.