Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, January 26 (Reporter Yu Wenjing) In 2019, China vigorously promotes the development of agriculture through science and education, strengthens the construction of national modern agricultural industry science and technology innovation centers, industrial technology systems, and agricultural science and technology innovation alliances, and newly creates major mechanized demonstration counties for major crops 151 agricultural science and technology progress contribution rate reached 59.2%.
A person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs stated that in 2019, China vigorously promoted the development of agriculture through science and education and achieved remarkable results. The comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvest across the country has exceeded 70%, and the independent breeding of major crops has increased to more than 95%.
Science and technology are primary productive forces. It is understood that in 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will take a series of measures to strengthen the support of talents in science and technology, including promoting basic research, promoting the integration of production, teaching and research, and strengthening the construction of rural talent teams.
The construction of 100 national agricultural scientific observation and experimental stations such as soil quality, agricultural environment, and plant protection has been started, and strives to achieve major original breakthroughs in key fields such as biological seed industry and smart agriculture. Strengthen the training of family farmers and the directors of cooperatives, and implement high-quality farmers training programs.
The person in charge said that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will accelerate the development of modern seed industry innovation and agricultural mechanization, focus on the third national survey and collection of crop germplasm resources, and promote joint research on important food crops and improved livestock and poultry, and Promote the construction of Nanfan Silicon Valley. Improve and optimize subsidies for agricultural machinery purchases, increase subsidies for cotton oil and sugar crop harvesting, livestock and poultry aquaculture, facility agriculture, and hilly areas, and complete 100 million mu of submerged land preparation for agricultural machinery.
Digital technology plays an important role in promoting the high-quality development of agriculture and the overall revitalization of rural areas. China will implement digital agriculture and rural planning, carry out digital agriculture and digital rural trials, implement the “Internet +” agricultural products out of villages and cities project, build agricultural and rural big data centers, and accelerate modern information such as the Internet of Things, blockchain, artificial intelligence, 5G Technology applications.