5G, which has received much attention, has been commercialized in some countries this year. This year is also the first year of 5G commercialization. Countries that have already launched 5G commercial networks include South Korea, the United States, Switzerland, Italy, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Spain, and Kuwait. Started.
In 5G, telecom operators, telecom equipment vendors, chip vendors and smartphone manufacturers are important components. Telecom operators need telecom equipment vendors’ 5G network equipment to build 5G networks, and consumers experience 5G fast network speeds. Then you need 5G smartphones and other terminal equipment.
1. Domestic 5G commercial progress
On June 6, 2019, 5G licenses were officially issued. According to the application of China Telecom Group Co., Ltd., China Mobile Communications Group Co., Ltd., China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd., and China Radio and Television Network Co., Ltd., the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued basic telecommunications services to four companies on the same day after fulfilling legal procedures. Business license, approved four companies to operate “the fifth generation of digital cellular mobile communication services.”
Unicom Telecom signed an agreement to jointly build a 5G access network. After the issuance of 5G licenses, major operators are also speeding up network deployment and promoting the commercialization of 5G. On September 9, China Unicom disclosed in the announcement that China United Network Communications Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary, and China Telecom signed the “5G Network Co-construction and Sharing Framework Cooperation Agreement” to jointly build a 5G connection nationwide. When entering the network, the two sides delimit the area and construct the area. Each of them is responsible for the 5G network construction related work in the demarcated area, who constructs, invests, maintains, and bears network operation costs. User ownership on both sides remains unchanged, and brand and business operations remain independent.
At the end of September, 5G commercial appointments began. From September 20, China Mobile’s “Wonderful Meet, Light up 5G” commercial appointment event is fully launched. Subsequently, China Unicom also started accepting 5G commercial appointments. On September 29, China Telecom’s “Hello 5G Wonderful Meetup” 5G appointment event officially started.
On October 9, 5G subscriptions exceeded 10 million. At around 9:30 on the same day, the number of 5G subscription users of China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Telecom reached 5,922,600, 2,033,300 and 2,078,400, totaling more than 10 million.
In mid-October, China Mobile’s 5G subscription users took the lead over 10 million. From November 14th to 16th, the 2019 China Mobile Global Partner Conference was held in Guangzhou. At the meeting, China Mobile executives revealed that China Mobile scientifically deployed the network, solidly carried out 5G network construction, and opened nearly 50,000 5G base stations. 5G commercial services have been officially provided in 50 cities. Millions of 5G terminals have been sold, and the number of 5G subscription customers exceeds 10 million.
On October 31, 5G commercial launch. At the opening ceremony of the China International Information and Communication Exhibition 2019, under the guidance of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China Telecom, China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Tower jointly held a 5G commercial launching ceremony to join the 5G commercial era and open the communications industry A new chapter in high-quality development. Ke Ruiwen, Chairman of China Telecom, Yang Jie, Chairman of China Mobile, Wang Xiaochu, Chairman of China Unicom, and Ji Jilu, Chairman of China Tower, attended the meeting.
In addition, the communication management agencies and communication industries of many provinces and cities this year held 5G application innovation cooperation conferences and industrial development work forums, and introduced work plans to quickly promote the construction of 5G infrastructure. Promote the in-depth application of 5G technology in various economic and social fields.
2.Other countries that have launched 5G commercial services
The earliest country in the world to start 5G commercial services is South Korea. The three major Korean telecom operators, SK, KT, and LG Uplus, have started to provide 5G commercial services on December 1, last year, but at the time, they provided 5G commercial services for enterprise users. , Launched for personal consumers on April 3 this year.
At that time, SK, Korea ’s largest telecommunications operator, had already deployed 34,000 5G base stations in South Korea, covering universities, highways, subways, stadiums and other busy areas in 85 cities. On the 69th day after the launch of the 5G network in South Korea, the number of users reached 1 million, which was 11 days shorter than the time it took for the 4G network to reach 1 million users; the second week of August (August 4-August 10) Day) users exceeded 2 million, followed by more than 3 million on September 9, and reached 3.98 million in October, and is expected to reach 5 million by the end of the year.
On the same day that South Korea launched consumer-oriented 5G commercial services, American telecommunications operator Verizon also launched 5G commercial services in Chicago and parts of Minneapolis, only a few hours later than South Korea.
After Verizon launched 5G commercial services in the United States, AT & T, another major telecom operator in the United States, also launched 5G commercial services in 7 cities: Austin, Los Angeles, Nashville, Orlando, San Diego, San Francisco, and San Jose on April 9. On May 30, telecom operator Sprint launched 5G commercial services in Atlanta, Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston and Kansas City.
After the launch of 5G commercial services in South Korea and the United States, the European country Switzerland also joined the ranks of 5G commercials. Swisscom’s 5G commercial network officially started operation on April 17, providing 5G commercials to 102 regions including 54 cities and towns. Services, Switzerland has also become the third country in the world and the first in Europe to launch a 5G commercial network.
On May 30, British Telecom’s EE launched a 5G commercial network in 6 cities including London, Cardiff, Belfast, Edinburgh, Birmingham and Manchester. At that time, it planned to expand to 10 other cities, including Liverpool and Newcastle.
The same day EE launched 5G commercial services in 6 cities in the UK, Emirates Telecom also launched 5G in the UAE.
On June 5, multinational telecommunications operator Vodafone launched a 5G commercial network in Milan, Rome, Turin, Bologna and Naples, Italy, and Italy became the third European country to provide 5G commercial services.
On June 15, Vodafone Spain in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Malaga, Zaragoza, Bilbao, Victoria, San Sebastian, A Coruna 15 Spanish cities, including Vigo, Gijon, Pamplona, Logrono, and Santander, have launched commercial 5G networks. The equipment used is mainly provided by Huawei, while Ericsson provides hardware equipment for data networks. .
On July 3rd, Vodafone launched a 5G commercial network in 7 cities: London, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Glasgow, Manchester and Liverpool. Vodafone headquarters in Newbury and the Isles of Scilly can also connect Vodafone. 5G network. Vodafone plans to extend 5G network coverage to Birkenhead, Blackpool, Bournemouth, Guildford, Newbury, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Reading, Southampton and Stoke-on-Trent by the end of the year These 12 cities.
Three UK, another UK telecommunications operator, announced the launch of a 5G network in the UK in August, covering 25 cities including London, Cardiff, Glasgow, Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool by the end of the year. Thanks to the 140MHz spectrum resources, Three UK will also surpass competitors in terms of network speeds. They claim that the network speed is at least twice that of competitors.
On August 14th, multinational telecommunications operator Vodafone announced the launch of a 5G commercial network in Ireland. The first batch covered Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway and Waterford. Galway is a port city in western Ireland. The other 4 are Ireland’s 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 5th largest cities. Vodafone revealed at the time that more cities in Ireland would be covered in the next few months, but did not release specific city names.
In addition, the three major telecommunications operators in Kuwait, Zain, Viva and Ooredoo, have also launched 5G commercial networks and are already providing 5G commercial services.
3. Countries that are promoting 5G commercialization
On March 18th, Germany launched a 5G spectrum auction. Four companies, Deutsche Telekom, Telefonica, Vodafone, and Drillisch 1 & 1 of the German United Network, participated in the auction. The auction results in June were released, and the 4 participating telecom operators spent a total of 6.5 billion euros (US $ 7.4 billion contract) to obtain a total of 420MHz spectrum between 2GHz and 3.6GHz, of which Deutsche Telekom sold for 2.17 billion euros. 130MHz 5G spectrum, Vodafone took 1.88 billion euros to capture another 130MHz 5G spectrum, Telefónica Germany acquired 90MHz for 1.42 billion euros, and Drillisch 1 & 1 obtained 70MHz 5G spectrum for 1.07 billion euros.
On July 3, Dirk Woessner, the head of German business at Deutsche Telekom, announced at a press conference in Berlin that it would launch a 5G commercial network in Germany and open their 5G trial networks in Berlin and headquarters in Bonn to the public. 5G networks will be rolled out in 4 cities this year, with plans to cover 20 cities in Germany by the end of next year.
In early July, foreign media stated in a report that Smart Axiata, an important mobile telecommunications operator in Cambodia, will cooperate with Huawei to build a 5G network in Cambodia, hoping to cover major cities in Cambodia by the end of this year.
In early October, Vodafone announced that it will deploy the first batch of 5G base stations in Hungary on October 17. Vodafone already obtained 5G spectrum resources in Hungary in 2016. After the 5G base station deployment, Vodafone will soon launch a 5G commercial network in Hungary.
The Netherlands announced in early December that the first batch of 5G spectrum auctions will be held next year. The first auctions of 700MHz, 1400MHz and 2100MHz spectrum will be made before June 30 next year. It is estimated that 900 million euros will be obtained through the auction. KPN, Vodafone Ziggo and T-Mobile Netherlands, the three major domestic telecommunications operators in the Netherlands, are expected to participate in the auction. The Netherlands will also auction the 3.5GHz mid-range spectrum, but this spectrum resource is currently used by related agencies for satellite communications, and will be auctioned for 5G in early 2022.
On December 17, France announced the launch of the 5G spectrum camera allocation process, which may use a total of 310 MHz of spectrum between 3.4-3.8 GHz for 5G and sell it to telecommunications operators at a base price of 2.17 billion euros, including 4 segments of 50 MHz. And 11 segments of 10 MHz spectrum, the price of 50 MHz spectrum is 350 million euros, and the price of 10 MHz is 70 million euros.
Huawei and Samsung launch 5G smartphones
After the launch of a 5G commercial network, consumers need 5G terminals to experience 5G. The most common is a smartphone. This year, Huawei, Xiaomi and other manufacturers have launched 5G smartphones.
Huawei Mate 30 5G smartphone
Huawei is currently a manufacturer of more 5G smartphones. At the World Mobile Communications Conference (MWC) in February, HUAWEI Mate X supporting 5G networks was unveiled, equipped with Kirin 980 processor and Huawei’s first 7nm multi-mode 5G chip Barron. 5000. On July 26, Huawei launched the Mate 20 X 5G version in Shenzhen, using Kirin 980 processor and Baron 5000 5G chip, storage is 8GB + 256GB, and the price is 5699 yuan. On September 19, Huawei launched the Mate 30 series in Munich, Germany, which includes two 5G smartphones, the Mate 30 5G version and the Mate 30 Pro 5G version, equipped with the Kirin 990 5G flagship SoC chip, and the Mate 30 Pro 5G version starts from 6399 yuan. For sale. On December 5, Huawei launched Huawei Nova 6 5G in Wuhan, equipped with Kirin 990 chip and Baron 5000 5G chip, starting at 3799 yuan.
Xiaomi held a “Mi 5G New Product Launch Conference” on the afternoon of September 24th, and launched two 5G mobile phones, Xiaomi 9 Pro 5G and Xiaomi MIX Alpha, both equipped with Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 Plus, the former starting at 3699 yuan; Xiaomi MIX Alpha is a 5G surround screen concept machine, priced at 19,999 yuan. On December 10th, Redmi held a new product launch conference and launched the Redmi K30 series of smartphones, including 4G and 5G versions, of which the 5G version is equipped with Qualcomm Snapdragon 765G 5G processor, starting at 1999 yuan, currently accepting appointments, 1 The first sale on July 7.
OPPO launched the 5G smartphone OPPO Reno3 series on December 26-Reno3 and Reno3 Pro, OPPO Reno3 Pro, Qualcomm Snapdragon 765G processor, starting at 3999 yuan, starting sales on the morning of December 31; OPPO Reno3 uses MediaTek Teana 1000 processor, starting at 3399 yuan, has also been released in the morning of December 31.
Vivo launched the vivo NEX 3 5G version in Shanghai on September 16th, using Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 Plus processor, starting at 4498 yuan. At the new product launch conference held on December 16, vivo launched the vivo X30 and vivo X30 Pro, equipped with a Samsung Pteron 980 processor integrated with 5G baseband, and supports both NSA and SA dual-mode networks. The price of vivo X30 is 3298 yuan. The 8GB + 128GB version of the vivo X30 Pro is priced at 3998 yuan, and the 8GB + 1256GB version is priced at 4298 yuan. It will be available on December 24.
Lenovo released the Lenovo Z6 Pro 5G version smartphone on November 5th, equipped with Snapdragon 855 processor and Qualcomm Snapdragon X50 5G modem, priced at 3299 yuan, pre-sale started on November 28th, officially opened on December 12th For sale.
Samsung has also launched a number of 5G smartphones, Galaxy S10 5G Edition, Galaxy Note 10+ 5G, Galaxy A90 5G and Samsung W20 5G.
Huawei, Ericsson, and other telecommunications equipment vendors win dozens of 5G commercial contracts
The premise of 5G commercial use is that telecommunications operators set up 5G networks. This is indispensable for 5G base stations and other equipment provided by telecommunications equipment. 5G equipment manufacturers mainly include Huawei, Nokia, Ericsson and Samsung.
Huawei is currently the world’s largest telecommunications equipment supplier. It has signed more than 60 5G commercial contracts. It has launched the core chip of Huawei 5G base station, Huawei Teana, and launched a 5G base station without US parts. The shipment of 5G base stations is 9 It has exceeded 200,000 in the month, and 5G equipment is used in 5G commercial networks in Spain, South Korea and other countries.
Telecommunications equipment supplier Ericsson is also currently receiving dozens of 5G commercial contracts. By early December, Ericsson had obtained more than 75 5G commercial contracts. The latest 5G commercial contract came from Azercell operator Azercell. Two The company signed a three-year 5G memorandum of understanding.
Samsung Electronics is the largest electronics industry in South Korea. It played an important role in the 5G commercial process in South Korea. Two days after South Korea launched a consumer-oriented 5G commercial service on April 3, the Galaxy S10 5G version began to be sold in South Korea. In addition to providing 5G smartphones, Samsung Electronics also provided a number of key equipment and solutions for South Korean operators to build 5G networks. Samsung Electronics also revealed in the information released on the official website on April 9 that at the time they were the three major players in Korea. Telecom operators provided more than 53,000 5G base stations.
Huawei, Qualcomm, etc. launch 5G chips
For consumers, to experience a fast 5G network requires related 5G equipment. The most important thing is a 5G smartphone. A 5G processor or baseband chip is a necessary part for a smartphone to connect to the 5G network. However, there are not many self-developed 5G processors and baseband chips. Except for Huawei and Samsung, other manufacturers mainly use 5G processors and 5G baseband chips introduced by Qualcomm and MediaTek. At present, 5G processors or 5G baseband chips are mainly Huawei, Qualcomm, MediaTek and Samsung.
Huawei launched the 5G multi-mode terminal chip Baron 5000 in January this year. This 5G chip combined with Kirin 980 can achieve 5G connection. The Mate 20 X 5G version launched in July and the Huawei nova 6 5G launched in December. It is Baron 5000. In September, Huawei launched the Kirin 990 5G mobile phone chip in Germany. The 5G version of the Mate 30 series uses this integrated 5G baseband chip.
Qualcomm Snapdragon 865
Qualcomm is an early maker of 5G baseband chips, and it launched the Snapdragon X50 5G modem in 2016. In July, Qualcomm launched the Snapdragon 855 Plus. At the Snapdragon Annual Summit starting on December 3, Qualcomm launched the Snapdragon 865, Snapdragon 765 5G and Snapdragon 765G 5G mobile processor platforms, all manufactured using 7nm technology, but the high-end Snapdragon 865 is not integrated 5G baseband, but with the Snapdragon X55 baseband and RF system, it can support all 5G frequency bands worldwide.
Samsung has also launched a 5G processor, equipped with a Samsung Pterodactyl 980 processor integrated with a 5G baseband. The vivo X30 and vivo X30 Pro use the Samsung Pterodactyl 980.
MediaTek announced a new product line “Teana” in November, and launched a 5G processor “Teana 1000”, integrated a 5G modem, and in December launched a mid-range 5G processor “Teana 800”.
5G outlook for 2020
This year is the first year of 5G commercialization. 5G commercialization started in South Korea in April. Currently, 10 countries have launched 5G commercial networks, and mobile phone manufacturers have launched more than 10 5G smartphones. However, 5G commercial use has only started this year, and the range and products are still relatively limited. In 2020, the number of countries and ranges for 5G commercial use will increase, and 5G smartphones launched by mobile phone manufacturers will also increase significantly.
Although 5G commercial networks have been launched in ten countries, full coverage has not been achieved. For example, the United Kingdom and Spain, which launched 5G commercial networks, 5G networks only cover major cities and towns. The scope will expand. In addition, some countries that have not yet launched 5G commercial networks will also be launched next year, especially the Netherlands and France, which have started 5G spectrum auctions and allocations, and are likely to launch 5G commercial networks next year.
5G base stations and 5G equipment of telecom providers such as Huawei and Ericsson have been shipped in large quantities this year. With the increase in demand and the increase in production, the shipments of these manufacturers’ 5G equipment next year will significantly increase this year. It will also promote the expansion of 5G commercial range and 5G network coverage.
Although mobile phone manufacturers have launched more than 10 5G smartphones this year, most of them do not support 5G in the entire series, some of them support 5G in the same series, and others still only support 4G. After Huawei, Qualcomm, Samsung and MediaTek launched 5G processors and baseband chips, mobile phone manufacturers will also have the conditions to launch more 5G smartphones next year, and with the expansion of 5G network coverage, the demand for 5G mobile phones will also increase. In addition, most of the 5G smartphones launched this year cost more than 3,000 yuan, and there are only a handful of 5G smartphones on the market that cost less than 2,000 yuan. After more smartphone manufacturers join the ranks of 5G, there will be next year. Lower-priced 5G smartphones are available for consumers to buy.
It is worth noting that due to chip and other reasons, Apple, which has hundreds of millions of iPhone users worldwide, failed to launch a 5G iPhone this year, but after reconciling with Qualcomm and reaching a multi-year patent licensing agreement and chip supply agreement, analysis Teachers and research institutions generally expect that Apple will launch multiple iPhones that support 5G next year.
Analyst Guo Mingyu, who has high accuracy in Apple product predictions, predicted in December that the four iPhones that Apple will launch in the second half of next year will all support 5G network connections and use OLED screens. The main differences between these 5G iPhone In terms of screen size and camera, the screen size is between 5.4 inches to 6.7 inches, and a maximum of three rear cameras will be used. The screen sizes of the two models are 6.1 inches, and the other two are 5.4 inches and 6.7 inches, respectively. Both use OLED screens.